Using sources

Published 31 July How do I cite ephemera from a museum. Student writers should learn to introduce sources, providing smooth transitions between the writer's own words and the words of others.

A. Finding Sources

If it is a written document, is it a personal recollection or an official report, a travel narrative or an historical account, a fictional reconstruction or a newspaper article striving for factual accuracy.

How was it written or made. What do you know about, or what can you find out about, the reputation of the periodical.

Evaluating the Credibility of Your Sources

If you find yourself stitching together long summaries of what other people say with little or none of your own analysis or discussion, or if you write a thesis in your introduction and then support it entirely by summarizing what other people say or by repeating the plot of a piece of literature, again with little or no explanation or discussion of your own, the chances are that you are simply "proving the known"--that is, that your thesis is not really a thesis.

Do not misrepresent someone else's argument by ignoring the context of the argument. In such cases you should use ellipses to indicate that material has been omitted.

A common mistake is partial paraphrasing. For example, the URL address: Sandra Jamieson, Drew University. Can you track the reputation of the company. If your instructor does not indicate a preference, you may choose the style yourself.

The writer will use the arguments of other Internet users to support the thesis that censorship or restrictions will undermine the power of the Internet. The introduction functions like a little map of the paper that shows where it will end up, how it will proceed, and what it will pass on the way.

Citing Sources and Avoiding Plagiarism

For a literature paper, this would be a poem you are analyzing. Summaries are always much shorter than the original source. Like any other source, the authority of the author helps determine the value of the information.

If you paraphrase or summarize, you still need to tell readers where the information comes from. Time savings and increased confidence to successfully carry out research for your class. Background, Exhibit, Argument, Method. When working with primary sources, answering a series of basic questions can help us draw more accurate conclusions.

Your purpose is to report the key elements of the argument, or the essential aspects of the thesis, not to represent every detail of it. They may not be able to immediately see the connection between two ideas, just as you probably couldn't when you began your research.

Web sites can masquerade as one type but may have a hidden agenda. By placing the citation at the end of the paragraph and not identifying where Beardsley's ideas begin, he makes it seem as if the whole paragraph is a summary of Beardsley, whereas really only the last sentence is.

Using Sources One of the fundamental skills emphasized in this class is the ability to use outside sources in writing an argumentative essay. You need a variety of sources, both in type and point of view, in order to fully or even partially explore a research question.

The prose flows smoothly. For footnotes, the citation follows the period, e. Include a citation when you use: If using an on-line source, do not cut and paste text directly into your own draft. Because there is so much information on the Web, good and bad, finding what you want is not an exact science and can be time consuming.

This lesson will teach you some of the basic principles about how to use sources in your own writing; at the end is an exercise testing your abilities. For example, we could tell you about a study that says that everyone needs to get eight hours sleep a night and for every hour one is sleep deprived every hour below 8 one's IQ falls one point.

When you paraphrase, you must cite the source. Special interest sites are, by their nature, biased. Although each academic discipline has a different way of citing paraphrases, summaries, and quotations, the underlying principle is the same. Basic Principles for Using Documented Sources Student writers should learn to use sources as evidence, as specific examples that support their generalizations.

Your task in the paper is to guide your readers toward the same interpretation or explanation of the data as you have reached. They are often informal. A guide with easy-to-navigate chapters and tips to help you figure out what your instructor may be asking for in a writing assignment or research project.

Unlike the summary, which reports the argument, thesis, or event, the paraphrase also reproduces the attitude and tone of the original text. Drafting & refocusing your paper: Once your Research is underway you will need to be able to refocus yout thesis and check to make sure you are using your source material correctly.

Below you will find hints and suggestions to help you in this porcess. USING SOURCES1) Principle of Citing Sources Why Cite?

To Become a More Mature Thinker When writing an essay, it ca. The Harvard Guide to Using Sources offers essential information about the use of sources in academic writing. To receive the most benefit, read the guide from beginning to end.

To receive the most benefit, read the guide from beginning to end. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Using Sources Tool_Analysis of District Writing View Download Design for professional development in which teachers analyze their students' use of sources.

Using sources would amplify the quality of our message, but first of all, it is completely necessary to understand what is a source and how many types of sources exists. First, what is a source? Oxford Dictionary says “A book or document used to provide evidence in research”.

Using sources
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Using and Citing Sources - Writing - LibGuides at Loyola Marymount University